The Center for Africana Studies in the Krieger School of Arts and Sciences pursues broad inquiry into the ideas and experiences of African peoples throughout the world. Its interdisciplinary approach is organized around three major sub-fields:
Studies of the African Diaspora
The Center's work spans diverse academic disciplines in the humanities, social sciences, and public health. While its sub-fields possess distinct and distinctive intellectual traditions, they offer exciting possibilities for comparative as well as integrative inquiry.
Browsing Africana Studies, Center for by Subject "Anosy"
(Variorum, Comparative Studies of South Asia, Africa and the Middle East, 2007) Larson, Pier M.
A fleet of thirteen Portuguese vessels under the command of Pedro Álvares Cabral set
sail from Lisbon for the East Indies just two years after Vasco da Gama fi rst rounded
the Cape of Good Hope. In late May 1500, inclement weather at the Cape separated the vessel commanded by Diego Diaz from the others, blowing it well south of its intended
course. Steering north to regain their way, Diaz and crew caught sight of land on 10 August
along the coast of Anosy, Madagascar’s southeast extremity (fi g. 1). The day was the Feast of São
Lourenço, and Diaz named the big island (Madagascar) for European cartography after the
feast.1 As far as it is known, this was the fi rst sighting of Madagascar by seafarers hailing directly
from the Atlantic via the Cape route. European sailors and mapmakers continued to identify
Madagascar as São Lourenço (Portuguese) and Saint-Laurent (French) for centuries to come.
From the early decades of the sixteenth century to the French abandonment of Madagascar
in 1674, Anosy in southeast Madagascar was an important site of European-Malagasy interaction.
The meeting grounds of Anosy played a signifi cant role in the early modern history of the
southwest Indian Ocean, much as the Cape of Good Hope or Kilwa and Mombasa did, but they
are poorly known outside a close circle of francophone Madagascar experts. At the same time
little secondary literature on Anosy and its Europeans in any language is broad and comparative
in outlook, setting them in wider and interconnected historical narratives of the region.2
1. Alfred Grandidier, ed., Collection des ouvrages anciens concernant
Madagascar, 9 vols. (Paris: Comité de Madagascar, 1903–
2. An exception is Mike Parker Pearson, “Close Encounters of
the Worst Kind: Malagasy Resistance and Colonial Disasters in
Southern Madagascar,” World Archaeology 28 (1997): 393–417.
This work covers a broad set of encounters between Europeans
and the inhabitants of southern Madagascar to the seventeenth
century, mainly from an archaeological perspective. Anosy was
one of several areas of European interest in Madagascar before
the late seventeenth century, others being in the west, particularly
the Bay of Boina and Saint Augustine Bay, which are not
covered in this article. For these, see Pearson, “Close Encounters,”
the articles by Vincent Belrose-Huyghues cited in later
notes, and William Foster, “An English Settlement in Madagascar
in 1645–6,” English Historical Review 27 (1912): 239–50.