Now showing items 11841-11860 of 55855

    • Essays on Inflation Dynamics Estimation 

      Li, Dan (Johns Hopkins UniversityUSA, 2017-10-26)
      Estimation of short-run inflation dynamics is important to policy makers for the effective implementation of monetary policy. My dissertation studies the estimation of inflation dynamics at the aggregate level by considering ...
    • Essays on International Capital Flows and Productivity Growth 

      Rabe, Collin (2015-02-23)
      Contrary to traditional neoclassical growth models, recent decades have seen a number of developing economies running sizable current account surpluses. In response to ``new mercantilist'' explanations of this phenomenon ...
    • Essays on International Trade and Economic Growth 

      Deng, Liuchun (Johns Hopkins UniversityUSA, 2017-07-18)
      My dissertation studies the dynamics of specialization patterns in relation to economic growth. The first chapter employs a quantitative framework to study whether and how knowledge diffusion could explain the cross-country ...
    • ESSAYS ON MACRO-FINANCE AND FORECASTING 

      Kisacikoglu, Burcin; 0000-0002-2102-8913 (Johns Hopkins UniversityUSA, 2016-06-14)
      This dissertation consists of three essays on macro- finance and forecasting. The first chapter investigates high frequency movements of the yield curve around macroeconomic announcements by combining event studies and a ...
    • Essays on Macroeconomic Uncertainty and Monetary Policy 

      Karaca, Emek (Johns Hopkins UniversityUSA, 2015-06-15)
      This dissertation is composed of three chapters. In the first chapter, I introduce subjective and model-free measures of macroeconomic uncertainty, which are based on belief distributions for future inflation and output ...
    • Essays on Macroeconomics and Forecasting 

      Arai, Natsuki (2014-10-20)
      This dissertation consists of three essays on macroeconomics and forecasting. Central banks have recently engaged in unconventional monetary policies at the zero lower bound, where their forecasts play a crucial role in ...
    • Essays on Markets for Primary Care Services for Medicaid Adults 

      Roberts, Eric T (2015-03-25)
      This dissertation examines three questions about the Affordable Care Act’s (ACA) expansion of Medicaid to low-income adults in the United States. First, I forecast the use of primary care services in the Medicaid expansion ...
    • Essays on Mergers, Collusion, and Exclusive Dealing 

      Zhao, Wei (2013-10-06)
      This dissertation studies antitrust issues in mergers, tacit collusion, and exclusive discount. The second chapter evaluates the welfare effects of the 1997 merger between Boeing and McDonnell Douglas in the medium-sized ...
    • Essays on Political Constraints and Fiscal Policy 

      Yasar, Sezer (Johns Hopkins UniversityUSA, 2017-07-21)
      This dissertation contributes to the literature on the relationship between political constraints and fiscal policy outcomes. In the first two chapters, we focus on the level of detail of a government’s budget, analyzing ...
    • Essays on Recovering Latent Characteristics Using Nonparametric and Semiparametric Methods 

      Bush, Ryan (Johns Hopkins UniversityUSA, 2016-05-27)
      This dissertation explores applying nonparametric and semiparametric methods to recover latent characteristics in various settings. The first chapter studies an auction market where latent effort is selected by the bidders. ...
    • Essays on Residential Sorting, School Quality, Crime, and Income Mobility 

      Smirnov, Mikhail (Johns Hopkins UniversityUSA, 2016-10-27)
      This dissertation is composed of three chapters. The first chapter demonstrates that local improvements in school quality and crime are not always beneficial to the households that reside there, once equilibrium effects ...
    • ESSAYS ON STRUCTURAL MODELS AND MICRO DATA IN CONSUMER FINANCE 

      Yao, Jiaxiong; 0000-0002-0198-1600 (Johns Hopkins UniversityUSA, 2016-09-07)
      In the first essay, I analyze how housing and debt affect households’ marginal propensity to consume out of wealth through the lenses of micro data and a structural model. Empirically, using novel Norwegian registry data, ...
    • Essays on Teacher Quality 

      Bjorklund-Young, Alanna Vinsen; 0000-0002-9744-8519 (Johns Hopkins UniversityUSA, 2017-08-17)
      This dissertation consists of three essays on teach quality. These essays explore the relationship between teaching skills and student learning. I examine this relationship on average, and then investigate how the relationship ...
    • Essays on the ACOPF Problem: Formulations, Approximations, and Applications in the Electricity Markets 

      Castillo, Andrea; 0000-0003-2614-1007 (Johns Hopkins UniversityUSA, 2016-03-22)
      The alternating current optimal power flow (ACOPF) problem, also referred to as the optimal power flow (OPF) problem, is at the core of competitive wholesale electricity markets and vertically integrated utility operations. ...
    • Essays on the Dynamics of Institutional Reform 

      Karakas, Leyla Derin (2015-02-05)
      This dissertation contributes to the knowledge on the emergence of political institutions related to checks and balances as well as their effects on economic outcomes. The first two chapters analyze the determinants of ...
    • ESSAYS ON THE IMPACT AND INCENTIVES OF FEDERAL FUNDING IN MEDICARE AND MEDICAID 

      Yeh, Susan Tung (Johns Hopkins UniversityUSA, 2015-09-11)
      Background: Federal funding into the Medicare and Medicaid programs creates financial incentives that can have important implications for these programs and the populations that they serve. This dissertation contains three ...
    • Essays on the Labor Market Impact of Trade Policy 

      Seneviratne, Prathibashi (2013-10-01)
      The first two chapters of this dissertation evaluate the dynamic response of human capital investment and wage inequality to trade liberalization. The first chapter develops a structural, dynamic, general equilibrium model ...
    • Essays on the Labor Market, Housing and Children's Health 

      Yang, Xi (2014-08-31)
      This dissertation studies the consequences of housing and migration decisions from three perspectives using data from developed and developing countries. Chapter 2 studies the effects of home ownership on unemployment in ...
    • Essays on the use and limit of the imagination in science, 

      Tyndall, John, 1820-1893. (Longmans, Green, and co.,, 1870.)