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dc.contributor.authorSteffen Pauwsen_US
dc.contributor.editorHolger H. Hoosen_US
dc.contributor.editorDavid Bainbridgeen_US
dc.date.accessioned2004-10-21T04:26:23Z
dc.date.available2004-10-21T04:26:23Z
dc.date.issued2003-10-26en_US
dc.identifier.isbn0-9746194-0-Xen_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://jhir.library.jhu.edu/handle/1774.2/11
dc.description.abstractFindings of a singing experiment are presented in which trained and untrained singers sang melodies of familiar and less familiar Beatles songs from memory and after listening to the original song on CD. Results showed that adopting the correct pitch of a melody was done better by trained singers, and only after listening to the song. Contours of melodies were equally well reproduced by both trained and untrained singers. In contrast, the intervals of a melody were sung more accurately by trained singers than by untrained singers. These findings demonstrate the dominance of contour for remembering melodies and the poorer interval encoding of melodies or the lack of essential singing skills by untrained singers. When singing from memory, almost two-third of the singing came reasonably close to the actual tempo on the CD. This improved to more than 70% after listening to the song on CD. In general, the singing of less familiar melodies improved after song listening. Implications for ‘query by humming’ applications are discussed.en_US
dc.format.extent400254 bytes
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdf
dc.languageenen_US
dc.language.isoen_US
dc.publisherJohns Hopkins Universityen_US
dc.subjectPerception and Cognitionen_US
dc.subjectIR Systems and Algorithmsen_US
dc.titleEffects of song familiarity, singing training and recent song exposure on the singing of melodiesen_US
dc.typearticleen_US


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