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Now showing items 1-10 of 30
A critical stem-loop structure in the CR4-CR5 domain of mammalian telomerase RNA
(Oxford University Press, 2002-01-15)
Telomerase is an enzyme that maintains telomere length by adding telomeric sequence repeats onto chromosome ends. The telomerase ribonucleoprotein complex consists of two essential components, a reverse transcriptase and ...
Telomere Dysfunction Increases Mutation Rate and Genomic Instability
(Cell Press, 2001-08-10)
The increased tumor incidence in telomerase null mice suggests that telomere dysfunction induces genetic instability. To test this directly, we examined mutation rate in the absence of telomerase in S. cerevisiae. The ...
Telomere dysfunction triggers developmentally regulated germ cell apoptosis
(American Society for Cell Biology, 2001-07)
Telomere dysfunction results in fertility defects in a number of organisms. Although data from fission yeast and Caenorhabditis elegans suggests that telomere dysfunction manifests itself primarily as defects in proper ...
Short Telomeres, even in the Presence of Telomerase, Limit Tissue Renewal Capacity
(Cell Press, 2005-12-16)
Autosomal-dominant dyskeratosis congenita is associated with heterozygous mutations in telomerase. To examine the dosage effect of telomerase, we generated a line of mTR+/ÿ mice on the CAST/EiJ background, which has short ...
The Telomere Terminal Transferase of Tetrahymena Is a Ribonucleoprotein Enzyme with Two Kinds of Primer Specificity
(Cell Press, 1987-12-24)
We have analyzed the de novo telomere synthesis catalyzed by the enzyme telomere terminal transferase (telomerase) from Tetrahymena. Oligonucleotides representing the G-rich strand of telomeric sequences from five different ...
G-strand overhangs on telomeres in telomerase-deficient mouse cells
(Oxford University Press, 1999-10-15)
Telomeres of eukaryotic chromosomes contain 3' overhangs which are thought to be essential for the maintenance of proper chromosome end structure and function. We examined the requirement for telomerase activity for the ...
Short dysfunctional telomeres impair tumorigenesis in the INK4a(delta2/3) cancer-prone mouse.
(Cell Press, 1999-05-14)
Maintenance of telomere length is predicted to be essential for bypass of senescence and crisis checkpoints in cancer cells. The impact of telomere dysfunction on tumorigenesis was assessed in successive generations of ...
Short telomeres and ataxia-telangiectasia mutated deficiency cooperatively increase telomere dysfunction and suppress tumorigenesis
(American Association of Cancer Research, 2003-12-01)
To examine the role of ataxia-telangiectasia mutated (Atm) in telomere function, we generated Atm and telomerase null mice (Atm(-/-) mTR(-/-) iG6 mice). These mice exhibited increased germ cell death and chromosome fusions ...
Purification of Tetrahymena Telomerase and Cloning of Genes Encoding the Two Protein Components of the Enzyme
(Cell Press, 1995-06-02)
Telomerase is a ribonucleoprotein DNA polymerase that catalyzes the de novo synthesis of telomeric simple sequence repeats. We describe the purification of telomerase and the cloning of cDNAs encoding two protein subunits ...