Now showing items 16-35 of 58

    • Doubly exchange-biased NiCoO/NiFe/Cu/NiFe/NiCoO spin valves 

      Ambrose, T.; Liu, K.; Chien, C.-L. (American Institute of Physics, 1999-04-15)
      A new type of doubly exchange-biased Ni50Co50O/NiFe/Cu/NiFe/Ni30Co70O spin-valve structure, with two ferromagnetic layers exchange biased in opposite directions by two different antiferromagnetic layers is demonstrated. ...
    • Dynamics of a vortex domain wall in a magnetic nanostrip: application of the collective-coordinate approach 

      Clarke, D.J.; Tretiakov, O.A.; Chern, G.-W.; Bazaliy, Ya.B.; Tchernyshyov, O. (American Physical Society, 2008-10-01)
      The motion of a vortex domain wall in a ferromagnetic strip of submicron width under the influence of an external magnetic field exhibits three distinct dynamical regimes. In a viscous regime at low fields the wall moves ...
    • Dynamics of domain walls in magnetic nanostrips 

      Tretiakov, O.A.; Clarke, D.; Chern, G.-W.; Bazaliy, Ya.B.; Tchernyshyov, O. (American Physical Society, 2008-03-28)
      We express the dynamics of domain walls in ferromagnetic nanowires in terms of collective coordinates, generalizing Thiele[psila]s steady-state results. For weak external perturbations the dynamics is dominated by a few ...
    • Effect of spacer material on the magnetic surface anisotropy in ultrathin Fe70B30 multilayer films 

      Hicken, R.J.; Rado, G.T.; Chien, C.-L. (American Institute of Physics, 1991-04-15)
      It has been found recently that the magnetic surface anisotropy Ks in Fe70B30/Ag multilayer films decreases monotonically with magnetic layer thickness (2L) for 2L<16.5 Å. In order to determine possible effects of the ...
    • Effects of carrier mobility and morphology in organic semiconductor spin valves 

      Liu, Yaohua; Lee, Taegweo; Katz, Howard E.; Reich, Daniel H. (American Institute of Physics, 2009-05-01)
      We studied spin transport in four organic semiconductors (OSCs) with different electronic properties. Magnetoresistance (MR) effects were observed up to room temperature in junctions based on an electron-carrying OSC, ...
    • Evidence for decay of spin waves above the pseudogap of underdoped YBa2Cu3O6.35 

      Stock, C.; Cowley, R.A.; Buyers, W.J.L.; Coldea, R.; Broholm, C.; Frost, C.D.; Birgeneau, R.J.; Liang, R.; Bonn, D.; Hardy, W.N. (American Physical Society, 2007-05-01)
      The magnetic spectrum at high energies in heavily underdoped YBa2Cu3O6.35 (Tc=18 K) has been determined throughout the Brillouin zone. At low energy, the scattering forms a cone of spin excitations emanating from the ...
    • Exchange coupling between Cr and ferromagnetic thin films 

      Yang, F.Y.; Chien, C.-L. (American Institute of Physics, 2003-05-15)
      Exchange bias has been observed in Ni81Fe19/Cr bilayers. The exchange bias field for Cr thickness tCr larger than 62 Å increases with tCr and levels off at tCr=150 Å, whereas coercivity increases without saturation. The ...
    • Exploiting finite size effects in a novel core/shell microstructure 

      Liu, Zhu; Xia, Guoqiang; Zhu, Frank; Kim, Su; Markovic, Nina; Chien, Chia-Ling; Searson, Peter C. (American Institute of Physics, 2008-03-15)
      Electrodeposition of Ni-Cu alloys at high Cu(II) concentration and large overpotentials results in phase separation with a unique microstructure characterized by features with a copper-rich core and a nickel-rich shell. ...
    • Fermionic spin excitations in two- and three-dimensional antiferromagnets 

      Zhihao, Hao; Tchernyshyov, O. (American Physical Society, 2009-10-30)
      Spin excitations in an ordered Heisenberg magnet are magnons-bosons with spin 1. That may change when frustration and quantum fluctuations suppress the order and restore the spin-rotation symmetry. We show that spin ...
    • Field dependence of magnetic ordering in Kagome-staircase compound Ni3V2O8 

      Kenzelmann, M.; Harris, A.B.; Aharony, A.; Entin-Wohlman, O.; Yildirim, T.; Huang, Q.; Park, S.; Lawes, G.; Broholm, C.; Rogado, N.; Cava, R.J.; Kim, K.H.; Jorge, G.; Ramirez, A.P. (American Physical Society, 2006-07-01)
      We present powder and single-crystal neutron diffraction and bulk measurements of the Kagome-staircase compound Ni3V2O8 (NVO) in fields up to 8.5 T applied along the c direction. (The Kagome plane is the a-c plane.) This ...
    • From cooperative paramagnetism to Neel order in Y2Ru2O7: neutron scattering measurements 

      van Duijn, J.; Hur, N.; Taylor, J.W.; Qiu, Y.; Huang, Q.Z.; Cheong, S.-W.; Broholm, C.; Perring, T.G. (American Physical Society, 2008-01-01)
      Spin correlations in the pyrochlore antiferromagnet Y2Ru2O7 with Curie-Weiss temperature ΘCW* - 1100 K and critical temperature TN = 77 K were examined through neutron scattering. For TN < T < ΘCW / 3 the data show spin ...
    • Giant positive magnetoresistance of Bi nanowire arrays in high magnetic fields 

      Hong, Kimin; Yang, F.Y.; Liu, Kai; Reich, D.H.; Searson, P.C.; Chien, C.-L.; Balakirev, F.F.; Boebinger, G.S. (American Institute of Physics, 1999-04-15)
      We have studied the magnetoresistance of electrodeposited Bi wires with diameters between 200 nm and 2 μm in magnetic fields up to B=55 T. In zero field, the resistance increases with decreasing temperature, indicating ...
    • Inhomogeneous level splitting in Pr2-xBixRu2O7 

      van Duijn, J.; Kim, K.H.; Hur, N.; Adroja, D.; Adams, M.A.; Huang, Q.Z.; Jaime, M.; Cheong, S.-W.; Broholm, C.; Perring, T.G. (American Physical Society, 2005-05-06)
      We report that Bi doping drives Pr2-xBixRu2O7 from an antiferromagnetic insulator (x=0) to a metallic paramagnet (x≈1) with a broad low T maximum in C/T. Neutron scattering reveals local low energy spin excitations (ℎω≈1 ...
    • Ising phases of Heisenberg ladders in a magnetic field 

      Penc, K.; Fouet, J.-B.; Miyahara, S.; Tchernyshyov, O.; Mila, F. (American Physical Society, 2007-09-14)
      We show that Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya (DM) interactions can substantially modify the phase diagram of spin-1/2 Heisenberg ladders in a magnetic field provided they compete with exchange. For nonfrustrated ladders, they induce ...
    • Itinerant magnetic excitations in antiferromagnetic CaFe2As2 

      Diallo, S.O.; Antropov, V.P.; Perring, T.G.; Broholm, C.; Pulikkotil, J.J.; Ni, N.; Bud'ko, S.L.; Canfield, P.C.; Kreyssig, A.; Goldman, A.I.; McQueeney, R.J. (American Physical Society, 2009-05-08)
      Neutron scattering measurements of the magnetic excitations in single crystals of antiferromagnetic CaFe2As2 reveal steeply dispersive and well-defined spin waves up to an energy of ~100 meV. Magnetic excitations above 100 ...
    • Long-range exchange coupling between a ferromagnet and an antiferromagnet across a nonmagnetic spacer layer 

      Gokemeijer, N.J.; Ambrose, T.; Chien, C.-L.; Wang, N.; Fung, K.K. (American Institute of Physics, 1997-04-15)
      The antiferromagnet/ferromagnet exchange coupling giving rise to a shifted hysteresis loop has usually been considered an interfacial effect. We show evidence that this exchange coupling between an antiferromagnet (CoO) ...
    • Longitudinal and perpendicular exchange bias in FeMn/(FeNi/FeMn)n multilayers 

      Sun, L.; Zhou, S.M.; Searson, P.C.; Chien, C.-L. (American Institute of Physics, 2003-05-15)
      Exchange bias in ferromagnetic (FM)/antiferromagnetic (AF) bilayers is usually investigated in the longitudinal configuration with the exchange coupling established in the film plane. In this work, we report on the ...
    • Magnetic core loss of ultrahigh strength FeCo alloys 

      Cheng, X.M.; Zhang, X.K.; Zhang, D.Z.; Lee, S.H.; Duckham, A.; Weihs, T.P.; Cammarata, R.C.; Chien, C.-L. (American Institute of Physics, 2003-05-15)
      Hiperco® 50 alloy heat treated between 450 and 650°C exhibits superior mechanical properties. We report the measurements of the ac core loss at various frequencies up to 4500 Hz of the Hiperco® 50 alloy samples annealed ...
    • Magnetic dynamics of La2CuO4 studied by Mossbauer spectroscopy 

      Tang, H.; Gang, X.; Singh, A.; Tesanovic, Z.; Chien, C.-L.; Walker, J.C. (American Institute of Physics, 1990-05-01)
      By doping a very small amount of 57Fe into La2CuO4, Mossbauer spectroscopy has been applied to study the magnetic property of the parent compound. From the measurement of the magnetic hyperfine field at the Fe nuclei for ...
    • Magnetic inversion symmetry breaking and ferroelectricity in TbMnO3 

      Kenzelmann, M.; Harris, A.B.; Jonas, S.; Broholm, C.; Schefer, J.; Kim, S.B.; Zhang, C.L.; Cheong, S.-W.; Vajk, O.P.; Lynn, J.W. (American Physical Society, 2005-08-19)
      TbMnO3 is an orthorhombic insulator where incommensurate spin order for temperature TN<41 K is accompanied by ferroelectric order for T<28 K. To understand this, we establish the magnetic structure above and below the ...