Now showing items 31-50 of 58

    • Long-range exchange coupling between a ferromagnet and an antiferromagnet across a nonmagnetic spacer layer 

      Gokemeijer, N.J.; Ambrose, T.; Chien, C.-L.; Wang, N.; Fung, K.K. (American Institute of Physics, 1997-04-15)
      The antiferromagnet/ferromagnet exchange coupling giving rise to a shifted hysteresis loop has usually been considered an interfacial effect. We show evidence that this exchange coupling between an antiferromagnet (CoO) ...
    • Longitudinal and perpendicular exchange bias in FeMn/(FeNi/FeMn)n multilayers 

      Sun, L.; Zhou, S.M.; Searson, P.C.; Chien, C.-L. (American Institute of Physics, 2003-05-15)
      Exchange bias in ferromagnetic (FM)/antiferromagnetic (AF) bilayers is usually investigated in the longitudinal configuration with the exchange coupling established in the film plane. In this work, we report on the ...
    • Magnetic core loss of ultrahigh strength FeCo alloys 

      Cheng, X.M.; Zhang, X.K.; Zhang, D.Z.; Lee, S.H.; Duckham, A.; Weihs, T.P.; Cammarata, R.C.; Chien, C.-L. (American Institute of Physics, 2003-05-15)
      Hiperco® 50 alloy heat treated between 450 and 650°C exhibits superior mechanical properties. We report the measurements of the ac core loss at various frequencies up to 4500 Hz of the Hiperco® 50 alloy samples annealed ...
    • Magnetic dynamics of La2CuO4 studied by Mossbauer spectroscopy 

      Tang, H.; Gang, X.; Singh, A.; Tesanovic, Z.; Chien, C.-L.; Walker, J.C. (American Institute of Physics, 1990-05-01)
      By doping a very small amount of 57Fe into La2CuO4, Mossbauer spectroscopy has been applied to study the magnetic property of the parent compound. From the measurement of the magnetic hyperfine field at the Fe nuclei for ...
    • Magnetic inversion symmetry breaking and ferroelectricity in TbMnO3 

      Kenzelmann, M.; Harris, A.B.; Jonas, S.; Broholm, C.; Schefer, J.; Kim, S.B.; Zhang, C.L.; Cheong, S.-W.; Vajk, O.P.; Lynn, J.W. (American Physical Society, 2005-08-19)
      TbMnO3 is an orthorhombic insulator where incommensurate spin order for temperature TN<41 K is accompanied by ferroelectric order for T<28 K. To understand this, we establish the magnetic structure above and below the ...
    • Magnetic properties of epitaxial Mn-doped ZnO thin films 

      Cheng, X.M.; Chien, C.-L. (American Institute of Physics, 2003-05-15)
      Epitaxial ZnO thin films doped with 7% Mn have been made by reactive rf magnetron sputtering onto (112_0) sapphire substrates at 400°C. X-ray diffraction measurements reveal that the Zn0.93Mn0.07O film has a (0001) wurtzite ...
    • Magnetic properties of one-dimensional quasiperiodic Co/Pt multilayers 

      Zhu, L.Y.; Cheng, X.M.; Chien, C.-L. (American Institute of Physics, 2006-04-15)
      We have fabricated Fibonacci [Co/Pt] multilayers with two constituent Co/Pt bilayers, as well as periodic multilayers of the same Co/Pt bilayers, all of which exhibit perpendicular magnetic anisotropy. Magnetic properties ...
    • Magnetically driven ferroelectric order in Ni3V2O8 

      Lawes, G.; Harris, A.B.; Kimura, T.; Rogado, N.; Cava, R.J.; Aharony, A.; Entin-Wohlman, O.; Yildirim, T.; Kenzelmann, M.; Broholm, C.; Ramirez, A.P. (American Physical Society, 2005-08-19)
      We show that long-range ferroelectric and incommensurate magnetic order appear simultaneously in a single phase transition in Ni3V2O8. The temperature and magnetic-field dependence of the spontaneous polarization show a ...
    • Memory effects of exchange coupling in CoO/Ni81Fe19 bilayers 

      Gokemeijer, N.J.; Chien, C.-L. (American Institute of Physics, 1999-04-15)
      By changing the field-cooling procedure, the value and even the sign of the exchange field HE in CoO/Ni81Fe19 bilayers can be greatly altered. The value of HE can be made to vanish at any temperature below TN. We also show ...
    • Neutron scattering evidence for isolated spin-1/2 ladders in (C5D12N)2CuBr4 

      Nagler, S.E.; Pajerowski, D.M.; Meisel, M.W.; Broholm, C.; Schmidt, K.P.; Talham, D.R.; Brown, C.M.; Uhrig, G.S.; Savici, A.T.; Granroth, G.E. (American Physical Society, 2009-09-01)
      Inelastic neutron scattering was used to determine the spin Hamiltonian for the singlet ground-state system of fully deuterated BPCB, (C5D12N)2CuBr4. A two-leg spin-1/2 ladder model, with J⊥=(1.09±0.01) meV and J∥=(0.296±0.005) ...
    • Neutron scattering from a coordination polymer quantum paramagnet 

      Hong, T.; Kenzelmann, M.; Turnbull, M.M.; Landee, C.P.; Lewis, B.D.; Schmidt, K.P.; Uhrig, G.S.; Broholm, C.; Reich, D. (American Physical Society, 2006-09-01)
      Inelastic neutron scattering measurements are reported for a powder sample of the spin-1/2 quantum paramagnet Cu(quinoxaline)Br2. Magnetic neutron scattering is identified above an energy gap of 1.9 meV. Analysis of the ...
    • Partial order from disorder in a classical pyrochlore antiferromagnet 

      Chern, G.-W.; Moessner, R.; Tchernyshyov, O. (American Physical Society, 2008-10-01)
      We investigate theoretically the phase diagram of a classical Heisenberg antiferromagnet on the pyrochlore lattice perturbed by a weak second-neighbor interaction J2. The huge ground-state degeneracy of the nearest-neighbor ...
    • Phase diagram and spin Hamiltonian of weakly-coupled anisotropic S=½ chains in CuCl2·2((CD3)2SO) 

      Chen, Y.; Stone, M.B.; Kenzelmann, M.; Batista, C.D.; Reich, D.H.; Broholm, C.; Chen, Y.1; Stone, M.B.1; Kenzelmann, M.1; Batista, C.D.; Reich, D.H.; Broholm, C. (American Physical Society, 2007-06-01)
      Field-dependent specific heat and neutron scattering measurements were used to explore the antiferromagnetic S=½ chain compound CuCl2·2((CD3)2SO). At zero field the system acquires magnetic long-range order below TN=0.93 ...
    • Quantum criticality in an organic magnet 

      Stone, M.B.; Broholm, C.; Reich, D.H.; Tchernyshyov, O.; Vorderwisch, P.; Harrison, N. (American Physical Society, 2006-06-30)
      Exchange interactions between S=½ sites in piperazinium hexachlorodicuprate produce a frustrated bilayer magnet with a singlet ground state. We have determined the field-temperature phase diagram by high field magnetization ...
    • Quasi-Langmuir-Blodgett thin film deposition of carbon nanotubes 

      Gruner, G.; Gabriel, J.-C. P.; Armitage, N.P. (American Institute of Physics, 2004-03-15)
      The handling and manipulation of carbon nanotubes continues to be a challenge to those interested in the application potential of these promising materials. To this end, we have developed a method to deposit pure nonoriented ...
    • S=½ chain in a staggered field: high-energy bound-spinon state and the effects of a discrete lattice 

      Kenzelmann, M.; Batista, C.D.; Chen, Y.; Broholm, C.; Reich, D.H.; Park, S.; Qiu, Y. (American Physical Society, 2005-03-01)
      We report an experimental and theoretical study of the antiferromagnetic S=½ chain subject to uniform and staggered fields. Using inelastic neutron scattering, we observe a bound-spinon state at high energies in the linear ...
    • Spin gap and resonance at the nesting wave vector in superconducting FeSe0.4Te0.6 

      Qiu, Yiming; Bao, Wei; Zhao, Y.; Broholm, C.; Stanev, V.; Tesanovic, Z.; Gasparovic, Y.C.; Chang, S.; Hu, Jin; Qian, Bin; Fang, Minghu; Mao, Zhiqiang (American Physical Society, 2009-08-07)
      Neutron scattering is used to probe magnetic excitations in FeSe0.4Te0.6 (Tc = 14 K). Low energy spin fluctuations are found with a characteristic wave vector (1212L) that corresponds to Fermi surface nesting and differs ...
    • Spin resonance in the d-wave superconductor CeCoIn5 

      Stock, C.; Broholm, C.; Hudis, J.; Kang, H.J.; Petrovic, C. (American Physical Society, 2008-02-29)
      Neutron scattering is used to probe antiferromagnetic spin fluctuations in the d-wave heavy fermion superconductor CeCoIn5 (Tc=2.3 K). Superconductivity develops from a state with slow (ℎΓ=0.3±0.15 meV) commensurate ...
    • Spin-lattice order in frustrated ZnCr2O4 

      Ji, S.; Lee, S.-H.; Broholm, C.; Koo, T.Y.; Ratcliff, W.; Cheong, S.-W.; Zschack, P. (American Physical Society, 2009-07-17)
      Using synchrotron x-ray and neutron diffraction, we disentangle spin-lattice order in highly frustrated ZnCr2O4 where magnetic chromium ions occupy the vertices of regular tetrahedra. Upon cooling below 12.5 K the quandary ...
    • Spin-trimer antiferromagnetism in La4Cu3MoO12 

      Qiu, Y.; Broholm, C.; Ishiwata, S.; Azuma, M.; Takano, M.; Bewley, R.; Buyers, W.J.L.; Buyers, W.J.L. (American Physical Society, 2005-06-01)
      La4Cu3MoO12 is a cluster antiferromagnet where copper spin-1/2 trimers form a network of strongly coupled spin trimers. The magnetic properties of this material have been examined using magnetic neutron scattering. At low ...