Association between human erythrocyte calmodulin and the cytoplasmic surface of human erythrocyte membranes
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This report describes Ca2+-dependent binding of 125I-labeled calmodulin (125I-CaM) to erythrocyte membranes and identification of two new CaM-binding proteins. Erythrocyte CaM labeled with 125I-Bolton Hunter reagent fully activated erythrocyte (Ca2+ + Mg2+)-ATPase. 125I-CaM bound to CaM depleted membranes in a Ca2+-dependent manner with a Ka of 6 x 10(-8) M Ca2+ and maximum binding at 4 x 10(-7) M Ca2+. Only the cytoplasmic surface of the membrane bound 125I-CaM. Binding was inhibited by unlabeled CaM and by trifluoperazine. Reduction of the free Ca2+ concentration or addition of trifluoperazine caused a slow reversal of binding. Nanomolar 125I-CaM required several hours to reach binding equilibrium, but the rate was much faster at higher concentrations. Scatchard plots of binding were curvilinear, and a class of high affinity sites was identified with a KD of 0.5 nM and estimated capacity of 400 sites per cell equivalent for inside-out vesicles (IOVs). The high affinity sites of IOVs most likely correspond to Ca2+ transporter since: (a) Ka of activation of (Ca2+ + Mg2+)-ATPase and KD for binding were nearly identical, and (b) partial digestion of IOVs with alpha-chymotrypsin produced activation of the (Ca2+ + Mg2+)-ATPase with loss of the high affinity sites. 125I-CaM bound in solution to a class of binding proteins (KD approximately 55 nM, 7.3 pmol per mg of ghost protein) which were extracted from ghosts by low ionic strength incubation. Soluble binding proteins were covalently cross-linked to 125I-CaM with Lomant's reagent, and 2 bands of 8,000 and 40,000 Mr (Mr of CaM subtracted) and spectrin dimer were observed by sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis autoradiography. The 8,000 and 40,000 Mr proteins represent a previously unrecognized class of CaM-binding sites which may mediate unexplained Ca2+-induced effects in the erythrocyte.