|dc.description.abstract||An economist by education and a public policy expert by vocation, Gail Garfield-Schwartz B56 received her Master of Urban Planning from New York University in 1960 and Ph.D. from Columbia University in development economics in 1971. Career highlights include serving with the New York City Planning Commission, the Academy for Contemporary Problems, the New York State Public Service Commission, the Teleport Communications Group and AT&T where she retired as the Vice President for Public Policy. Gail wrote four books, scores of articles and managed professional success while raising three children; she now resides in New York.
Gails truthful reason for going to Bologna was to find a way to be with her Italian boyfriend. While that didnt work out, she was taken with the Italian Communist political environment, which satisfied her left wing politics. Gails main career interest was to go into the Foreign Service, but when she learned from a professor the as soon as a woman was married, that her Foreign Service career would end. She was furious, and decided not to pursue the second year of her degree in Washington, D.C.||en_US