Undocumented Migration Unveiled: The Driving Effect of Violence, Income, and Freedom on Migration from Latin America to the United States
Croce, Joseph A.
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Existing research on the effect of violence on undocumented migration from Central and South America to the United States is limited and generally broad in its findings. To fill this gap, this paper theorizes that high violence rates are associated with increased undocumented migration from the region. Using multivariate regression models and country-year data, the results show that high violence, lower income levels, and less freedom within the origin countries are associated with increased migration, while political and economic conditions within the United States are not. In light of these findings, the paper offers policy considerations that can more effectively address the causes of undocumented migration from these countries, which are also applicable to address the recent influx of unaccompanied children since 2011.