Community Detection using Locality Statistics
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The goal of community detection is to identify clusters and groups of vertices that share common properties or play similar roles in a graph, using only the information encoded in the graph. Our work analyzes two methods of identifying an anomalous community in temporal graphs and another method of identifying active communities in a static massive graph. All methods are based on locality statistics. In , an anomalous community is detected that shows growing connectivities in a time series of graphs. We formulate the task as a hypothesis-testing problem in stochastic block model time series. We derive the limiting properties and power characteristics of two competing test statistics built on distinct underlying locality statistics. In addition, we provide applicable implementations of two competing test statistics and detailed experimental results for a neural imaging application in . In , active communities are detected in a static massive graph on which many community detection algorithms scale poorly. We propose a novel framework for detecting active communities that consist of the most active vertices. Our framework utilizes a parallelizable trimming algorithm based on a locality statistic to filter out inactive vertices, and then clusters the remaining active vertices via spectral decomposition of their similarity matrix. The framework is applicable to graphs consisting of billions of vertices and hundreds of billions of edges. In summary, this work provides developments in community detection, in both temporal graphs and static massive graphs, by employing locality statistics.