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dc.contributor.authorSchoen, Robert
dc.contributor.authorKim, Young J.
dc.contributor.authorNathanson, A.
dc.contributor.authorFields, Jason
dc.contributor.authorAstone, Nan M.
dc.date.accessioned2019-01-11T12:07:24Z
dc.date.available2019-01-11T12:07:24Z
dc.date.issued1996-08
dc.identifier.urihttp://jhir.library.jhu.edu/handle/1774.2/59929
dc.description.abstractData from the 1987-88 US National Survey of Families and Households are used to test four hypotheses about fertility intentions. Fertility intentions are examined as a function of the importance of the social resource value of children, economic costs, women's career impact, and childlessness. The study sample includes 4691 non-Hispanic White or Black women who are aged 16-39 years. The authors analyze subgroups stratified by race, gender, union, and parity. Findings indicate that fertility intentions declined with increased parity. Parity differences varied by race and union status. Multivariate logistic regression results confirm the impact of parity on fertility intentions. The social resource variable was positively related to fertility intentions for men and for women. The odds ratio was larger among persons with a high degree of agreement with attitudes valuing children as a resource. The 'economic cost of children' variable was only weakly and insignificantly related to fertility intentions. The 'career impact' variable was significant and positive for parity 0 White women. Both married and unmarried women with careers were less inclined to desire a child. The 'career impact' variable was significant but weak for married White women at parity 1 and 2 plus. The 'career impact' variable was only significant for White men at parity 1, and these men were less likely to desire another child. Childless men and women, married and unmarried, who supported childlessness, were less likely to desire a child. Married women at parity 1 and married men at parity 2 plus, who supported parenthood over childlessness, had lower fertility intentions. The analysis of Black men and women was hampered by small sample sizes, but race was not directly associated with fertility intentions at any parity. The most important predictor was actual fertility. A "primary motivator" of childbearing among low fertility populations is the social resource value of children.en_US
dc.description.sponsorshipThis work was supported by grant R01 HD33240 from the Center for Population Research (NICHD). It benefitted from the research assistance of Emma Larkin and from support provided to the Hopkins Population Center by NICHD grant P30 HD06268.en_US
dc.publisherHopkins Population Centeren_US
dc.relation.ispartofseriesHopkins Population Center Papers on Population;WP96-09
dc.subjectFamily Life Surveysen_US
dc.subjectLogistic Modelen_US
dc.subjectFertility Determinantsen_US
dc.subjectValue Orientationen_US
dc.subjectChilden_US
dc.subjectIncomeen_US
dc.subjectLabor Forceen_US
dc.subjectAttitudesen_US
dc.subjectVoluntary Childlessnessen_US
dc.subjectPsychosocial Factorsen_US
dc.titleWhy Do Americans Want Children?en_US
dc.typeWorking Paperen_US


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