Show simple item record

dc.contributor.advisorFukuyama, Francis
dc.creatorChen, Yali
dc.date.accessioned2019-04-15T03:45:21Z
dc.date.created2015-08
dc.date.issued2015-08-11
dc.date.submittedAugust 2015
dc.identifier.urihttp://jhir.library.jhu.edu/handle/1774.2/60585
dc.description.abstractAbstract This dissertation develops a “dynamic bargaining” thesis, in which a two-level bargaining game among three actors (the Chinese Communist Party (Party), the People’s Liberation Army (PLA), and the civilian foreign affairs system) determines the level of influence the PLA exerts over China’s foreign and security policy-making since 1978. This dissertation is based on 138 interviews with active-duty and retired military officers, 125 interviews with policy-makers and analysts in China, and original Chinese-language sources and secondary documents. The dissertation divides China’s foreign and security policies into “high” policies – those that are sensitive and core national interests and require the intervention of China’s top leader – and “low” policies – those that are tactical in nature and constitute the majority of China’s foreign and security policies. The dynamics of a “reliance-control model” determine the PLA’s influence in “high” policies. The top leader’s political reliance on the PLA is the first and foremost necessary condition for such Party-military bargaining to occur. Once this necessary condition is met, the extent to which the top leader is able to establish “effective control” over the PLA helps determine the PLA’s access and hence the level of its influence. In “low” policies, the PLA’s level of influence depends on its bureaucratic bargaining with the civilian foreign affairs system, in particular the Ministry of Foreign Affairs (MFA or MOFA). Such bargaining has operated on the basis of four rules of the game, namely the advantage of: early entry during times of overwhelming external threats; strong allies/weak opponents; strong motivations; and supportive public opinion. The level of influence the PLA exerts in the policy-making process is also partly determined by its motivation. The PLA is a military force in transition, and its motivation to intervene during the policy-making process is determined by three sets of dynamics: inward vs. outward orientation; professionalization vs. politicization; and unity vs. inter-service rivalry. This dissertation argues that the PLA has a political orientation of being “progressive moderates” in China’s domestic politics, which contributes to its preoccupation with its internal mission and deepens the differentiation between the Party’s and military’s interest, outlook, and goal. As a result of its own evolution, the PLA is likely not seeking major armed confrontation, but may be more welcoming of continuous friction and low-intensity wars of limited scope. Advisor: David M. Lampton Secondary Reader: Kent Calder Chair: Francis Fukuyama Committee Members: Bruce G. Blair and Michael D. Swaine
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdf
dc.language.isoen_US
dc.publisherJohns Hopkins University
dc.subjectPLA
dc.subjectPeople's Liberation of Army
dc.subjectChina
dc.subjectPRC
dc.subjectPolitburo
dc.subjectPBSC
dc.subjectCentral Committee
dc.subjectCMC
dc.subjectCentral Military Commission
dc.subjectmilitary region
dc.subjectGeneral Staff Department
dc.subjectGSD
dc.subjectGeneral Politics Department
dc.subjectGPD
dc.subjectParty-military relations
dc.subjectcivil-military relations
dc.subjectParty army
dc.subjectParty-army
dc.subjectnational army
dc.subjectprofessionalization
dc.subjectpoliticization
dc.subjectNSC
dc.subjectNational Security Commission
dc.subjectforeign and security policy
dc.subjectpolicy-making
dc.subjectpolicymaking
dc.subjectpolicy implementation
dc.subjectchain of command
dc.subjectmilitary influence
dc.subjectmilitary’s political influence
dc.subjectbargaining politics
dc.subjectbureaucratic bargaining
dc.subjectbureaucratic process
dc.subjectnational security policy-making
dc.subjectnational security policies
dc.subjectDeng Xiaoping
dc.subjectJiang Zemin
dc.subjectHu Jintao
dc.subjectXi Jinping
dc.subjectSouth China Sea
dc.subjectEast China Sea
dc.subjectASAT
dc.subjectgeneral departments
dc.subjectParacels
dc.subjectSpratly Islands
dc.subjectPLA Navy
dc.subjectPLAN
dc.subjectPLA Air Force
dc.subjectPLAAF
dc.subjectSecond Artillery
dc.subjectTaiwan
dc.subjectKorean Peninsula
dc.subjectNorth Korea
dc.subjectSino-Vietnamese war
dc.subjectinter-service rivalry
dc.subjectMFA
dc.subjectMinistry of Foreign Affairs
dc.subjectMND
dc.subjectMinistry of Defense
dc.subjectCMS
dc.subjectChinese Coast Guard
dc.subjectdefense budget
dc.subjectCultural Revolution
dc.subjectCao Gangchuan
dc.subjectLiu Huaqing
dc.subjectnetizen
dc.subjectnationalism
dc.subjectpublic pressure
dc.subjectMOOTW
dc.subjectZhao Ziyang
dc.subjectautonomy
dc.subjectmilitary intelligence
dc.subjectcombat troops
dc.subjectprofessionalism
dc.subjectprofessionalization
dc.subjectexternal threat
dc.subjectleading small groups
dc.subjectFALSG
dc.subjectEEZ
dc.subjectaircraft carrier
dc.subjectJ-20
dc.subjectPAP
dc.subjectYang Shangkun
dc.subjectZhou Yongkang
dc.subjectSino-Indian border
dc.subjectGeneral Armament Department
dc.subjectGAD
dc.subjectGSD
dc.subjectYinhe Incident
dc.subjectAfrica
dc.subjectSino-US relations
dc.subjectSino-U.S.
dc.subjectforeign policy
dc.subjectSLOC
dc.subjectTaiwan
dc.subjectTaiwan affairs
dc.subjectpolicy-making
dc.subjecttimetable
dc.subjecttimetable strategy
dc.subjectRMA
dc.subjectLiu Yazhou
dc.subjectLiu Yuan
dc.subjectZhu Chenghu
dc.subjectDai Xu
dc.subjectKokang
dc.subjectXiong Guangkai
dc.subjectdecision-making
dc.subjectcrisis management
dc.subjectescalation
dc.subjectScarborough
dc.subjectstandoff
dc.subjectSino-Indian border
dc.subjectZhang Wannian
dc.subjectZhang Zhen
dc.subjectLampton
dc.subjectSwaine
dc.subjectleading small groups
dc.subjectNPC
dc.subjectwar-fighting
dc.subjectcyber security
dc.subjectaggressive
dc.subjecthawkish
dc.subjectmoderate.
dc.titleTHE PLA IN CHINA’S FOREIGN AND SECURITY POLICY-MAKING: DRIVERS, MECHANISM AND INTERACTIONS
dc.typeThesis
thesis.degree.disciplineChina Studies
thesis.degree.grantorJohns Hopkins University
thesis.degree.grantorSchool of Advanced International Studies
thesis.degree.levelDoctoral
thesis.degree.namePh.D.
dc.date.updated2019-04-15T03:45:21Z
dc.type.materialtext
thesis.degree.departmentPolitical Science
local.embargo.lift2019-08-01
local.embargo.terms2019-08-01
dc.contributor.committeeMemberLampton, David M
dc.contributor.committeeMemberCalder, Kent
dc.contributor.committeeMemberSwaine, Michael D
dc.contributor.committeeMemberBlair, Bruce G
dc.publisher.countryUSA


Files in this item

Thumbnail

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show simple item record