NAVAL ECONOMIC WARFARE: CONSTRUCTING A FRAMEWORK FOR MODERN POLICY
Hayworth, John A
MetadataShow full item record
What lessons do historical examples of blockades and commerce raiding provide for the creation of a general naval economic warfare framework for modern policymakers? This research study examines the implementation of naval economic warfare strategies over the past 150 years in order to explore this topic. Four case studies of naval economic warfare are analyzed: the Union blockade and Confederate commerce raiding in the American Civil War from 1861-1865, the German submarine campaign of World War 1 from 1914-1918, the United States’ submarine and aerial campaign against Japan from 1941-1945, and the Tanker War between Iran and Iraq from 1980-1988. Each case study is broken down into three analytical areas: the naval context, the strategy employed, and the results attained. From these case studies a general framework for modern policymakers is derived based on the connected factors of geopolitical context, strategy employed, naval force structures, and strategic objectives.