National Sovereignty in the age of Globalism
Hasby, Matthew E
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World War Two gave birth to modern globalization. Globalization has bridged the gap for countries concerning economic prosperity and international security. However, an international push for globalism has also brought a rise in nationalism. This thesis explores the concept of nationalism as it relates to sovereignty in the age of globalism. For this study, sovereignty will be explored mainly through the lens of nationalism as it relates to globalism. Sovereignty will be evaluated by three factors: border security, international organizations, and nationalism. Border security is the foundation of every sovereign nation. Secure borders give governments jurisdiction and autonomy necessary to lead. Unstable borders threaten state sovereignty as do conflict and war. For this study, Israel and its defense of national sovereignty will be explored. Israel’s primary belligerents explored in this research will be Lebanon and Palestine. The Arab-Israel conflict has allowed non-state actors and international organizations to intervein putting increased pressure on Israel’s sovereignty. These security challenges are not all that threatens Israel. Regional conflict regarding the Jewish state has captured the attention of the United Nations. The UN has unsuccessfully attempted to broker peace between the Arabs and Israel for over 70 years. However, one of the main roadblocks to the UN peace process are the UN members nationalistic agendas. Separate agendas of the countries within the UN have forced it into strategically weak positions, placing its global authority into question. As a result of global expansion, nationalism has undeniably risen within countries throughout the world. Globalization has led to increased migration, and with increased migration, there is a rise in nationalistic sentiment. Migration has put immense strain on many countries, thus directly effecting sovereignty. The United States, the European Union, and Israel are excellent measures of sovereign countries that have seen an uprising in nationalism linked to migration. There defining factor for the rise in nationalist sentiment is the political shift to the conservative right, that many countries can directly corollate to weak border security and high migration. This thesis concluded defining what will be necessary to control nationalism before it shifts into authoritarianism, thus threatening globalism.