UNITED NATIONS PEACEKEEPING AND THE RISE OF A CHINESE MILITARY POWER
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This study answers the question, how does China’s participation in United Nations (UN) peacekeeping operations affect its military capability? To focus the research, this study examines the UN missions in Mali (MINUSMA) and South Sudan (UNMISS) to analyze the effects of China’s watershed decision to deploy infantry troops to these two countries. The impact of Chinese participation was assessed with 12 measures of military capability. China’s strategic military resources (H1) and its ability to convert such resources into operational capability (H2) were found to be moderately affected by its peacekeeping participation. The study concludes that peacekeeping primarily affects five aspects of Chinese military capability: manpower, infrastructure, logistics, foreign military-to-military relationships, and intelligence collection.