DETERMINING THE STRENGTH OF ANTI-EXTREMISM POLICIES TO ADDRESS RIGHT-WING EXTREMISM IN WESTERN MILITARIES: A CASE STUDY
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As a phenomenon of radicalism, right-wing extremism (RWE) is a multifaceted ideology, disruptive political movement, expression of hyper-conservative traditional social beliefs and values, and a disturbing form of fringe violence due to its byzantine and parochial nature. Western militaries struggle with RWE in their ranks because they reflect the societies which they serve. This qualitative comparative case study looks at the strength of anti-extremism policies designed to address RWE in the United States, Canada, United Kingdom, and Germany. Using content analysis, it examines military regulations, government policies, and criminal code to identify shortfalls in existing policy. Using a theoretical process model, it evaluates the rigor of each policy to address RWE, evaluates their clarity for use, and examines the willingness of each study country to act. Finally, this study uses examples of RWE cases from each study country to determine if current policy sufficiently addresses the RWE threat. This study makes recommendations on the ideal language a policy should include to address the full scope of RWE threats Western militaries face today.