Seismic Behavior of Steel SCBF Buildings Including Consideration of Diaphragm Inelasticity
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This report provides a summary of nonlinear response history analyses conducted on a three- dimensional model of a series of steel buildings with special concentric braced frames (SCBFs). The models are conducted in OpenSees and include appropriate nonlinear response for the braced frames as well as the concrete-filled steel deck diaphragms and bare steel deck roofs. Additionally the buildings are designed considering traditional diaphragm design as defined by ASCE 7-16 12.10.1 as well as the new alternative diaphragm design procedures of ASCE 7-16 12.10.3. These alternative procedures have a seismic response modification coefficient, Rs, which is specific to the diaphragm system. Rs values between 1 and 3 are investigated herein. The results indicate that SCBF building performance is sensitive to the diaphragm design, and that traditional diaphragm design does not lead to acceptable levels of performance. Use of the alternative diaphragm design procedure with Rs=2.0 for concrete-filled steel deck floors and Rs=2.5 for bare steel deck roofs is recommended. Future work is needed to continue to refine collapse criteria for 3D building models and to allow the engineer greater clarity in the extent of expected inelasticity in the vertical system vs. the diaphragm system when different combinations of R and Rs, i.e. different combinations of vertical and horizontal lateral force resisting systems, are employed.