The relationship between institutional investment and federal funding for research
Nseka, Nikki S
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Abstract There has been a large disparity in the amount of federal dollars received each year between the top 20% of research universities and the rest of the population of research universities. Moreover, special focus universities such as the historically Black colleges and universities (HBCUs) and high Hispanic enrollment institutions (HHEs) have been really getting left behind. This has led to a lack of diversity in research and a lack of players in the research community contributing to the well-being of society. The purpose of this thesis was to research and discuss the relationship between the amount of funding an institution itself is willing to invest in research and the federal funding that the institution receives. To this end, this thesis utilized data from the National Science Foundation (NSF) called the Higher Education and Research Development (HERD) survey organized by institution, source of funds, and by special focus institutions such as the HBCUs and HHEs. A multiple regression analysis was done on the data to investigate whether there was a difference in the relationship between institutional funding and federal funding for the random sample from the general population of universities and colleges compared with the HBCUs and the HHEs, and during the years 2010 and 2019 which is a span of ten years when special efforts were made by the government to supplement the federal funding given to the HBCUs and HHEs. The multiple regression analysis showed that there was a positive relationship between institutional investment and federal funding and that there was no difference in that relationship between a random sample of universities and colleges from the general population and special focus universities and colleges such as the HBCUs and HHEs, nor was this relationship different in 2010 vs. 2019. Although a cause-and-effect relationship can’t be assumed, this positive relationship means that federal funding increased when institutional funding increased across the different populations, the random sample of universities, HBCUs and HHEs and in year 2010 and year 2019.