Phase diagram and spin Hamiltonian of weakly-coupled anisotropic S=½ chains in CuCl2·2((CD3)2SO)

Embargo until
Journal Title
Journal ISSN
Volume Title
American Physical Society
Field-dependent specific heat and neutron scattering measurements were used to explore the antiferromagnetic S=½ chain compound CuCl2·2((CD3)2SO). At zero field the system acquires magnetic long-range order below TN=0.93 K with an ordered moment of 0.44μB. An external field along the b axis strengthens the zero-field magnetic order, while fields along the a and c axes lead to a collapse of the exchange stabilized order at μ0Hc=6 T and μ0Hc=4 T (extrapolated to zero temperature) and the formation of an energy gap in the excitation spectrum. We relate the field-induced gap to the presence of a staggered g-tensor and Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya interactions, which lead to effective staggered fields for magnetic fields applied along the a and c axes. Competition between anisotropy, interchain interactions, and staggered fields leads to a succession of three phases as a function of field applied along the c axis. For fields greater than μ0Hc, we find a magnetic structure that reflects the symmetry of the staggered fields. The critical exponent, β, of the temperature driven phase transitions are indistinguishable from those of the three-dimensional Heisenberg magnet, while measurements for transitions driven by quantum fluctuations produce larger values of β.
zero-field magnetic order, exchange stabilized order collapse, magnetic long-range order, neutron scattering, weakly-coupled anisotropic chain, Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya interaction, interchain interactions, phase transition, spin Hamiltonians, specific heat, magnetic moments, magnetic anisotropy, long-range order, Heisenberg model, staggered field symmetry, exchange interactions (electron), energy gap, critical exponents, copper compounds, antiferromagnetic materials, three-dimensional Heisenberg magnet, CuCl2((CH3)2SO)
Physical Review B (Condensed Matter and Materials Physics) 1 June 2007, vol.75, no.21, pp. 214409/1-11