A 10 year retrospective study of the National Rehabilitation Centre Abu Dhabi: Trends, population characteristics, associations and predictors of treatment outcomes

Data extracted from case notes of all NRC patients from February 2002 to August 2011were analyzed to obtain a descriptive profile and changes in trends during this period. The data were extracted manually using a template and entered into a spreadsheet for analysis. During the period under consideration only male patients were admitted to the NRC. Data were available on 591 patients to be included in the study. The results showed that the average age of the patients was 32.4 years, 42% were married, 44% were single and 13% were divorced. A very high percentage, 60%, was unemployed and 32% were employed or were students. Fifty-one percent% had not completed their secondary education, 33% had completed secondary education and 16% had post-secondary education. The main substance of abuse was alcohol (41%), followed by heroin (16%), marijuana (11%), Benzodiazepines (6%), inhalants (2%), amphetamines (2%). Other substances (20%) included prescription drugs, including. Painkillers such as Tramadol, Methadone, and codeine, sedatives such as Xanax and Valium, and substances such as Kemadrine, Artane and Khat amounted to 20%. Fifteen-percent of all patients tested positive for Hepatitis C, 2% positive for Hepatitis B and there we no reports of HIV. The presence of co-morbid psychiatric illnesses ranged from 9% to 25% depending on the substance of abuse. The changes in trends in the main drugs of abuse as well as other analysis of patterns of use are reported. Comparisons of the findings with other studies in the region, implications of the findings, the limitations of the study, as well as areas for future research are discussed.